The United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) is part of the United Nations System and advocates for the protection of children's rights and needs worldwide. UNICEF upholds the Convention on the Rights of the Child. UNICEF work in the field aims, through emergency support, long-term initiatives and technical assistance, to contribute to better care, better and gender-equal access to education, immunization and HIV/AIDS prevention within the framework of advancing human development. UNICEF works in over 190 countries through country programmes and National Committees.
UNICEF was created by the United Nations General Assembly, on December 11, 1946, to provide emergency food and health care to children in countries devastated by World War II. In 1953, UNICEF became a permanent part of the United Nations System.
In 2010, UNICEF describes one of the fundamental beliefs of their work as follows:
On major initiative is Child Friendly Cities Project that includes a number of cities ready to build a local system of good governance committed to fulfilling children's rights.
State of the World's Children
UNICEF has published its "State of the World's children" report since 1979. The annual review of basic indicators on children's survival and development raises awareness about the importance of monitoring how children fare. In the formulation and thinking on child poverty, Ben-Arieh (2000) identified a shift of focus from survival to well-being since the first State of the World's Children report by UNICEF in 1979.
- Ben-Arieh, A. (2006). "Measuring and monitoring the well-being of young children around the world". Background paper prepares for the Education for All Global Monitoring Report 2007, UNESCO. Available at: http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0014/001474/147444e.pdf