Vietnam: Summary Report General Nutrition Survey 2009-2010

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Report background

The General Nutrition Survey was carried out during 2009 and 2010 by the National Institute of Nutrition (NIN), as entrusted by the Ministry of Health and in close collaboration with UNICEF, the World Health Organization (WHO) and the Food Agriculture Organization (FAO). This was facilitated through the United Nations Joint Programme on Integrated Nutrition and Food Security Strategies, which is supported by the Millennium Development Goal (MDG) Achievement Fund.
The report states that progress or, existing issues of health-nutrition should be monitored for the purpose of developing early interventions and effective prevention strategies. Whilst Vietnam has achieved considerable success in addressing factors which threaten the nutritional health status of its people,including hunger, poverty and child malnourishment, issues prevail. The report states that in order to achieve this the General Nutrition Survey (GNS) should be conducted every ten years to allow for the assessment of the current nutritional situation and to provide analysis of correlative factors and to identify risk factors.
A key finding of the survey and the subsequent report was that one in three children under the age of five in Vietnam does not currently meet their full height potential. This situation is linked with serious consequences on cognitive, social, and economic outcomes.
Survey results were used as an evidence bases for development of Action Plan for Nutrition in new period 2011-2020. The objective of this GNS is to assess nutritional status, household food consumption and other nutrition related issues in Vietnamese people, particularly children under 5 years old.

About the survey

The survey was implemented in 512 randomly selected communes of 432 districts in 64 provinces (the administrative boundaries of provinces and cities in Vietnam before 2008). The data collection method mainly consisted of interviews, anthropometric measurement, 24-hour dietary recall and basic information retrieved from health centres at communal, district and provincial levels. Data was analyzed using Stata 11 with cluster sampling survey correction. This was undertaken with the assistance of an international data analysis expert. The anthropometric indicators of children were analyzed based on WHO 2007 standard reference.

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