The OECD and the post-2015 agenda
The OECD’s Overview Paper is the first in a series of contributions to the post-2015 agenda. This preliminary proposal is not intended to be an exhaustive and complete list of OECD contributions but rather a reflection that will help the readers get an understanding of the OECD’s starting point in its participation in the global debate. More detailed papers will be produced and published later (a paper on the OECD's contribution on education to the post-2015 framework has already been released).
In this Overview Paper, the OECD acknowledges the rapidly changing world. As it states, “Times have changed” and the new global context is characterized by new actors, new resources, a different distribution of growth as well as growing inequalities and a changing geography of poverty.
Against this background, the OECD focuses on eleven elements to help adapt to these new realities in a meaningful and effective way. In this regard, the need is emphasised for a two-level approach. Unlike the MDG framework, the new development agenda should not only be aimed at the global and universal level with limited goals and targets but also at the national level with specific targets adapted to the capacities of countries.
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Overview of Paper
As the 2015 deadline for the Millenium Development Goals (MDGs) approaches at a fast rate and the official post-2015 dialogue continues to build and gain momentum, the OECD is increasing its efforts to support both the achievements of the MDGs and the definition of the post-2015 agenda.
The proposal consisting of 11 elements intends to help provide a “global, holistic, measurable and meaningful development framework”. The elements include both outcomes and tools. The outcomes focus around achievements in poverty reduction, educational success, gender and sustainability.
The six tools are the “means to achieve the outcomes” and include “development enablers” such as strengthening the national statistical systems and accountability mechanisms, improving policy coherence (for instance, trade policy versus aid policy), adapting the formation and distribution of knowledge (local, evidence-based and peer-reviewed knowledge should be of primary focus when designing and implementing reforms) etc. Equally important is the eleventh tool, financing development.
For all these elements, the Overview paper underlines the OECD’s experience and desire to be the Best Supporting Actor in the global development debate, making it an important source of expertise. With partnerships such as PARIS21 on statistics, the New Deal for fragile states, the Knowledge Sharing Alliance for peer learning, the Busan Partnership for Effective Development Cooperation and many others, the OECD has already started to engage with the global concerns and take concrete actions. Particularly interesting is the multi-stakeholder Task Force on Tax and Development launched by the OECD in Januarty 2010 and its “Tax Inspectors Without Borders” (TIWB) proposal with regard to the current debates on tax evasion (Element 6).
All in all, this overview paper not only lists innovative and inspiring outcomes to reach but also gives the tools to do so which makes it particularly engaging and very interesting to read.
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