Flag of Ethiopia
|Population (In Millions)||84.73|
|Human Development Index||174/169|
|Gross Domestic Product (In USD Billions - World Bank)||30.25|
|Global Peace Index||131/153|
|Happy Planet Index||124/143|
|Social Institutions and Gender Index||64/86|
|Environmental Performance Index||141/163|
|Child Mortality Rate||51.5|
|More information on variables|
Read the Economic and Social Research Council's paper from the Research Group on Wellbeing in Developing Countries - Ethiopia.
Quality of Life
Multidimensional Poverty Index
The Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) for Ethiopia is 0.562. The MPI is an international measure of acute poverty covering 109 countries. The MPI reflects the multiple deprivations that poor people face at the same time in three dimensions: health, education and living standards. The MPI reflects both the incidence or headcount ratio (H) of poverty – the proportion of the population that is multidimensionally poor – and the average intensity (A) of their poverty – the average proportion of indicators in which poor people are deprived. More information on the MPI in Ethiopia is available here.
UNDP Human Development Report Trends - 2011
The HDI represents a push for a broader definition of well-being and provides a composite measure of three basic dimensions of human development: health, education and income. According to the [[UNDP}}'s 2011 International Human Development Reports, Ethiopia's HDI is 0.363, which gives the country a rank of 174 out of 187 countries with comparable data. The HDI of Sub-Saharan Africa as a region increased from 0.365 in 1980 to 0.463 today, placing Ethiopia below the regional average.
Ethiopia’s HDI has increased from 0.274 to 0.363 between 2000 and 2011, an increase of 32.0 per cent or average annual increase of about 2.6 per cent.
Ethiopia's HDI breaks down as follow:
- Health: 0.619 (life expectancy at birth at 59.3 years)
- Education: 0.237 ( mean years of schooling being 1.5 years)
- Income: 0.326 (mean GNI per capita at 0,97)
Jobs and Earnings
Civic Engagement and Governance
Development Progress Story: Ethiopia’s rapid and equitable expansion of access to education
Ethiopia's rapid and equitable expansion of access to education has been highlighted as a part the Overseas Development Institute's Development Progress Stories, an initiative looking at what is working in development and why. Key messages from the research include:
- Access to education in Ethiopia has improved significantly. Approximately 3 million pupils were in primary school in 1994/95. By 2008/09, primary enrolment had risen to 15.5 million – an increase of over 500%.
- Progress has been enabled through a sustained government-led effort to reduce poverty and expand the public education system equitably. This has been backed by substantial increases in national education expenditure and aid to the sector, as well as improved planning and implementation capacity at all levels.
- Increased regional and local autonomy and community participation have also had a key role in expanding access to education across the country.
Full report and summary case study can be downloaded here
Happiness in EthiopiaThis is an overview of findings on Happiness in Ethiopia.The available findings are presented in the latest ‘Nation Report’ on Ethiopia
- ↑ United Nations Development Program. 2001 International Human Rights Indicators. Ethiopia.http://hdrstats.undp.org/images/explanations/ETH.pdf
- ↑ Human Development Report 2011. Sustainability and Equity:A Better Future for All. Ethiopia.http://hdrstats.undp.org/images/explanations/ETH.pdf
The report presents means and standard deviations, both on the original scale range and transformed to a common range 0-10. The means inform about the level of happiness in the country and the standard deviations about inequality of happiness.
Links provide more detail about the precise text of the question, the full distribution of responses and technical details of the survey. The report is continuously updated.
Child well-being in Ethiopia
The Young Lives study is conducted in Ethiopia as well as in three other developing countries from 2001 to 2015. It is an international study of childhood poverty that is coordinated by a team in the Department of International Development at the University of Oxford.