Education for All Development Index
The Education for All Development Index (EDI) is a measure of overall progress towards the goal of Education for All (EFA). EFA constitute 6 main education goals. These goals are are part of the Dakar Framework for Action and were adopted in 2000 in The World Education Forum to be achieved by 2015. Two of these six goals also became Millennium Development Goals later in 2000.
The EDI has been created by the UNESCO in 2002, covers 127 countries and is updates annuall.
The EDI captures four goals of the six:
- Universal primary education (Goal 2), measured by the primary adjusted net enrolment ratio (ANER);
- Adult literacy (Part of Goal 4: achieving a 50% improvement in adult literacy by 2015), measured by the literacy rate for those aged 15 and above;
- Gender. Parity and Equality (Goal 5),measured by the gender-specific EFA index (GEI), an average of the gender parity indexes of the primary and secondary gross enrolment ratios and the adult literacy rate;
- Quality of Education (Goal 6), measured by the survival rate to grade 5;
The EDI value for a given country is the arithmetic mean of indicators measuring each of its components.The EDI falls between 0 and 1, with 1 representing full achievement of Education for All across the four goals.
EDI = 1/4 (primary ANER) + 1/4 (adult literacy rate) + 1/4 (GEI) + 1/4 (survival rate to grade 5)
Countries are ranked in terms of level of EDI from highest to lowest and in turn into 3 categories.
In the 2011 Edition of the EDI, Japan ranks first before the United Kingdom and Norway. Furthemore, Japan also scores highest on the Gender-specific EFA Index (GEI). In contrast, on the bottom, one can find Niger, Ethiopia and the Central African Republic.
- ↑ Unesco (20110 "The Education for All Development Index 2011", Statistical Annex of the Education for All Global Monitoring Report 2001, available on http://www.unesco.org/new/fileadmin/MULTIMEDIA/HQ/ED/pdf/gmr2011-efa-development-index.pdf
The Education for all Development Index - 2011 Methodology